The European economic crisis won’t break the European project !
The crisis has revealed fundamental problems that existed before it. Thus, it was a trigger awarenessess’ of Europe intergovernmental too. We are at a critical moment but when people were asked , Europe seems ensured despite distrust. Equally, they even expect more, especially in education, the environment, and immigration.
Today we are 28 members in the European Union in a crisis while for 6 years. Among these 28 countries, the United Kingdom, one of the largest , have increasingly apart. If by probable hypothesis, this sailor leaves the ship, the ship will take a federalist direction.
In the 90s , the transition to the European Union and the fall of the USSR was a major upheaval. European citizens now feel more involved and more in Europe infiltrates policy discussions.
Moreover, Europe was partly built by a fear against the Soviet Union. During the 90s, it is also the time where the enemy disappears. An engine of European integration weakens.
In addition, the history of European integration is marked by crises, without holding the same impact. The crisis of 2005 with the rejection of the Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe was offset by the Lisbon Treaty. Going back further, we perceived a crisis in the European Defence Community. Military matters are interesting, they will be ignored until the Treaty of Maastricht. Europe was not ready. Today, it is more.
Why the economy of the European Union does not work ?
If Europe survives, it is a multi-speed Europe. The crisis isn’t well managed in Europe for two reasons. From the moment we have a single currency and 17 fiscal policies , it is very difficult to achieve coordination. A common monetary policy obligates to the states to don’t intervene drastically on the economic activity.
Thereby, we are in a kind of contradiction with a single currency and independent fiscal policies. The house has weak foundations, too weak.
However, we must meet the requirement to operate the Economic and Monetary Union. The United Kingdom has always been a great consistency. They do not want federalism, they rejected the euro. Destroy the euro, it’s a quick idea would lead in fact to undermine the entire European construction, to meet with all currency crises , and to confront all the bitterness and resentment between European states.
Beyond a poorly crafted European construction, if we do not go forward, it leads on extraordinary geopolitical dangers. Europeans are able to understand two things: there must be a form of political union when a currency is shared.
No European State may carry weight in the global construction.The company is feverish and is looking for a more cohesive society stronger calmer. If no European state alone can not answer, a federal Europe can do.
Remember that this is not the euro crisis factor is the fact that European integration is too intergovernmental.
Will we live better tomorrow with a return to an intergovernmental Europe with any old structures, or continuing to build in the acceptance of the changing world , and of the new challenges that are proposed environment, social balance or technology ?
To accept this new world, we must rely on the existing European mechanisms in order to increase them to establish a Europe more secured to itself and its citizens.
Why the European Union is not democratic and how to react ?
The idea of a European president can improve the democratic deficit of the EU and to revive the European commitment. It is an attractive picture, but we should substitute a guardian federalism for a federal democracy. Thus, there must be an elected government to make decisions on behalf of the Europeans.
Today, our default is to have the place for a European Council laying down any guidelines. From the moment the heads of state decided action they will forward it to the Council, their legislative arm We are fully into unstructured and Institutions as well, which are not democratic.
So we must change the Treaties for a European federal nature which nations will be subject in crucial issues such as currency and a European government budget.
All that’s left to do and I hope you will agree, is to elect heads of state Europeans will be able to measure today, the challenges of tomorrow.